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jCharts是一款基于Java的图表绘制类库,jCharts包含了多种图表格式,包括线型图、饼图、柱形图和点图等。

jCharts的特点

  • 100%基于Java,继承其跨平台的特性。
  • 图表中的文字,包括x轴和y轴上的文字,均可以设置字体。
  • 图表数据构造非常简单。

jCharts使用案例

柱形图绘制

完整的Java代码:

package com.jiuxing.mobile;  

import java.awt.Color;  
import java.awt.Font;  
import java.awt.Paint;  
import java.io.IOException;  

import javax.servlet.ServletException;  
import javax.servlet.http.HttpServlet;  
import javax.servlet.http.HttpServletRequest;  
import javax.servlet.http.HttpServletResponse;  

import org.krysalis.jcharts.axisChart.AxisChart;  
import org.krysalis.jcharts.axisChart.customRenderers.axisValue.renderers.ValueLabelPosition;  
import org.krysalis.jcharts.axisChart.customRenderers.axisValue.renderers.ValueLabelRenderer;  
import org.krysalis.jcharts.chartData.AxisChartDataSet;  
import org.krysalis.jcharts.chartData.DataSeries;  
import org.krysalis.jcharts.chartData.interfaces.IAxisDataSeries;  
import org.krysalis.jcharts.encoders.ServletEncoderHelper;  
import org.krysalis.jcharts.properties.AxisProperties;  
import org.krysalis.jcharts.properties.BarChartProperties;  
import org.krysalis.jcharts.properties.ChartProperties;  
import org.krysalis.jcharts.properties.DataAxisProperties;  
import org.krysalis.jcharts.properties.LegendProperties;  
import org.krysalis.jcharts.properties.PropertyException;  
import org.krysalis.jcharts.properties.util.ChartFont;  
import org.krysalis.jcharts.types.ChartType;  

public class BarChartServlet extends HttpServlet {  
    // ---all of my charts serviced by this Servlet will have the same properties.  
    private BarChartProperties barChartProperties;  

    // ---all of my charts serviced by this Servlet will have the same properties.  
    protected LegendProperties legendProperties;  
    protected AxisProperties axisProperties;  
    protected ChartProperties chartProperties;  

    protected int width = 950;  
    protected int height = 360;  

    /********************************************************************************************** 
     * 
     **********************************************************************************************/  
    public void init() {  
    this.legendProperties = new LegendProperties();  
    this.chartProperties = new ChartProperties();  
    // 图形的XY轴的属性对象  
    this.axisProperties = new AxisProperties(false);  
    // 图表横坐标和纵坐标范围的字体,大小,颜色设置对象  
    ChartFont axisScaleFont = new ChartFont(new Font(  
        "Georgia Negreta cursiva", Font.PLAIN, 13), new Color(18, 189,  
        255));  
    axisProperties.getXAxisProperties().setScaleChartFont(axisScaleFont);  
    axisProperties.getYAxisProperties().setScaleChartFont(axisScaleFont);  
    // Bar图形的横坐标和纵坐标的标题字体和颜色 ,大小的设置对象  
    ChartFont axisTitleFont = new ChartFont(new Font("Arial Narrow",  
        Font.PLAIN, 14), new Color(18, 189, 255));  
    axisProperties.getXAxisProperties().setTitleChartFont(axisTitleFont);  
    axisProperties.getXAxisProperties().setShowEndBorder(false);  
    axisProperties.getYAxisProperties().setTitleChartFont(axisTitleFont);  
    axisProperties.getYAxisProperties().setShowEndBorder(false);  
    DataAxisProperties dataAxisProperties = (DataAxisProperties) axisProperties  
        .getYAxisProperties();  

    try {  
        // 设置用户定义的纵轴纵坐标的 间隔范围  
        dataAxisProperties.setUserDefinedScale(0, 3000);  
    } catch (PropertyException propertyException) {  
        propertyException.printStackTrace();  
    }  

    dataAxisProperties.setRoundToNearest(3);  
    // 设置图形标题的字体,颜色,大小  
    ChartFont titleFont = new ChartFont(new Font("Georgia Negreta cursiva",  
        Font.PLAIN, 14), new Color(18, 189, 255));  
    // 生成图像的属性对象  
    this.chartProperties.setTitleFont(titleFont);  
    // Bar图形的属性类  
    this.barChartProperties = new BarChartProperties();  

    ValueLabelRenderer valueLabelRenderer = new ValueLabelRenderer(false,  
        false, true, -1);  
    valueLabelRenderer.setValueLabelPosition(ValueLabelPosition.ON_TOP);  
    // 是否设置显示的纵坐标标签垂直,true为是,flase为水平  
    valueLabelRenderer.useVerticalLabels(true);  
    barChartProperties.addPostRenderEventListener(valueLabelRenderer);  

    }  

    /********************************************************************************************** 
     * 
     **********************************************************************************************/  
    public void service(HttpServletRequest req,  
        HttpServletResponse httpServletResponse) throws ServletException,  
        IOException {  
    try {  
        // 设置横坐标标签  
        String[] xAxisLabels = { "1995", "1996", "1997", "1998", "1999",  
            "2000", "2001", "2002", "2003", "2004", "2005", "2006",  
            "2007", "2008", "2009", "2010", "2011", "2012", "2013",  
            "2014" };  
        // 设置横坐标的单位  
        String xAxisTitle = "Years";  
        // 设置纵坐标的标题  
        String yAxisTitle = "Problems";  
        // 设置图形的标题  
        String title = "Micro$oft At Work";  
        // 图形所需要的数据对象  
        IAxisDataSeries dataSeries = new DataSeries(xAxisLabels,  
            xAxisTitle, yAxisTitle, title);  

        // 设置条形数据  
        double[][] data = new double[][] { { 1500, 6880, 4510, 2600, 0,  
            1580, 0, 9555, 11000, 0, 7500, 5880, 3510, 2600,  
            1200, 1580, 9000, 8555, 9000, 3120 } };  
        // 条形区域 形示的标签  
        String[] legendLabels = { "8" };  
//      String[] legendLabels = null;  
        // 条形区域绘制的颜色设置对象  
        Paint[] paints = new Paint[] { new Color(18, 189, 255) };  
        dataSeries.addIAxisPlotDataSet(new AxisChartDataSet(data,  
            legendLabels, paints, ChartType.BAR,  
            this.barChartProperties));  

        // 产生一个 chart对象  
        AxisChart axisChart = new AxisChart(dataSeries,  
            this.chartProperties, this.axisProperties,  
            this.legendProperties, this.width, this.height);  
        // 输出设置好的chart图形  
        ServletEncoderHelper.encodeJPEG13(axisChart, 1.0f,  
            httpServletResponse);  
    } catch (Throwable throwable) {  
        // HACK do your error handling here...  
        throwable.printStackTrace();  
    }  
    }  
}

效果图如下:

图片 1

总体来说,jCharts可以完成基本的图表绘制,并可以自己扩展代码来完成更高级的图表和报表功能。

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